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dc.contributor.authorPhiri, Yohane V. A.
dc.contributor.authorAydın, Kemal
dc.contributor.authorYıldız, Nadire Gülçin
dc.contributor.authorMotsa, Mfundi President Sebenele
dc.contributor.authorNkoka, Owen
dc.contributor.authorAydın, Halide Z.
dc.contributor.authorChao, Hsing Jasmine
dc.identifier.citationPhiri, Y. V. A., Aydın, K., Yıldız, N. G., Motsa, M. P. S., Nkoka, O., Aydın, H. Z. ... Chao, H. J. (2022). Individual-level determinants of depressive symptoms and associated diseases history in Turkish persons aged 15 years and older: A population-based study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 13.
dc.description.abstractBackgroundDepressive symptoms are associated with both long-lasting and short-term repetitive mood disorders and affect a person's ability to function and lead a rewarding life. In addition to predisposing genetic causes, other factors such as socioeconomic and demographic factors, and chronic diseases have also been reported to associate with depression. In this study, we analyzed the association between history of chronic diseases and presentation of depressive symptoms amongst Turkish individuals. MethodsWe employed the 2019 Turkey health survey to analyze data of 11,993 individuals aged 15+ years. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the eight-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8) coded with a binary measure, a score of 10 as moderate-severely depressed. A number of sociodemographic characteristics were adjusted for in the analyses. Logistic regression models were used to test the association between chronic diseases and depressive symptoms in the study sample. ResultsOur analysis revealed that 6.24% of the 11,993 participants had reported an episode of depressive symptoms. The prevalence of depressive symptoms in men was 1.85% and in women, it was 2.34 times higher. Participants who had previously reported experiencing coronary heart diseases (AOR = 7.79, 95% CI [4.96-12.23]), urinary incontinences (AOR = 7.90, 95% CI [4.93-12.66]), and liver cirrhosis (AOR = 7.50, 95% CI [4.90-10.42]) were approximately eight times likely to have depressive symptoms. Similarly, participants with Alzheimer's disease (AOR = 6.83, 95% CI [5.11-8.42]), kidney problems (AOR = 6.63, 95% CI [4.05-10.85]), and history of allergies (AOR = 6.35, 95% CI [4.28-9.23]) had approximately seven-fold odds of reporting episodes of depressive symptoms. The odds of presenting with depressive symptoms amongst participants aged >= 50 were higher than in individuals aged <= 49 years. ConclusionAt individual level, gender and general health status were associated with increased odds of depression. Furthermore, a history of any of the chronic diseases, irrespective of age, was a positive predictor of depression in our study population. Our findings could help to serve as a reference for monitoring depression amongst individuals with chronic conditions, planning health resources and developing preventive and screening strategies targeting those exposed to predisposing factors.en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Media S.A.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.subjectDepressive Symptomsen_US
dc.subjectPatient Health Questionnaire-8en_US
dc.subjectChronic Conditionsen_US
dc.subjectTurkey Health Surveyen_US
dc.subjectIndividual Determinantsen_US
dc.titleIndividual-level determinants of depressive symptoms and associated diseases history in Turkish persons aged 15 years and older: A population-based studyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Psychiatryen_US
dc.departmentİstanbul Medipol Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Eğitim Bilimlerien_US
dc.relation.publicationcategoryMakale - Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanıen_US
dc.institutionauthorYıldız, Nadire Gülçin

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