Factors affecting cecal intubation tinae in colonoscopy: Impact of obesity
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CitationGöksoy, B., Kıyak, M., Karadağ, M., Yılmaz, G. ve Azamat, İ. F. (2021). Factors affecting cecal intubation tinae in colonoscopy: Impact of obesity. Cureus, 13(5). https://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.15356
Objective This study aims to determine the factors that prolong cecal intubation time (CIT) and determine the effect of obesity on CIT measured using multiple indexes. Methods Patients who underwent elective colonoscopy between July 10, 2020, and January 20, 2021, were evaluated in this prospective observational study. Age, gender, constipation, bowel preparation, presence of diverticulosis, previous surgery history, auxiliary maneuver and additional analgesic requirement, cecum intubation length (CL) and obesity indices [body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-toheight ratio (WHIR)] were analyzed. Factors affecting CIT were assessed by both univariate and multivariate logistic regression (LR) analyses. Results A total of 512 patients were analyzed. Mean CIT was 5.6 +/- 1.6 min, and median CIT was 5.17 min. The CIT median was <= 5.17 min in 264 (51.5%) of the patients, and the CIT median was >5.17 min in 248 (48.5%). In the univariate LR results, young age, constipation, poor bowel preparation, increased CL, additional analgesic requirement, low WHtR, and low BMI (<25 kg/m2) were the factors that prolonged CIT (p <0.05). In the multivariate LR analysis results, WHtR >0.5 and BMI >30 kg/m2 were found to be independent factors that decrease CIT [OR: 0.01 (0.01 0.03) p <0.001; OR: 0.28 (0.13 0.57) p <0.001]. Conclusion Younger age, low WHtR, low BMI, increased CL, constipation, inadequate bowel preparation, and the use of extra analgesics were found to be associated with longer CIT. When all factors were evaluated together, obesity measured by only WHIR (>0.5) and BMI (>30 kg/m2) were the best predictors of decreased CIT.