Youtube as an information source during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic: Evaluation of the Turkish and English content
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CitationAtaç, Ö., Özalp, Y. C., Kurnaz, R., Güler, O. M., İnamlık, M. ve Hayran, O. (2020). Youtube as an information source during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic: Evaluation of the Turkish and English content. Cureus, 12(10). https://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.10795
Introduction: YouTube is an important online source of information and has two billion users globally. Its viewing numbers tend to increase exponentially in extraordinary global situations. Our aim in this study was to review and evaluate the contents of the most frequently viewed YouTube videos during the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.Methods: In this qualitative study, contents of the most frequently viewed Turkish and English YouTube videos regarding the COVID-19 pandemic were examined and scored with modified DISCERN, medical information and content index (MICI), and video power index (VPI) during April 2020.Results: The mean DISCERN score of Turkish videos was similar to that of English videos (2.55 +/- 1.40 and 2.43 +/- 1.25, respectively). The total MICI score tended to be higher in Turkish videos. News channels released 86.9% of all 168 videos and 65.2% of all 23 misleading videos. When the descriptive characteristics of videos were compared in terms of their content category, average view counts, view ratios, and VPIs of misleading videos were higher than those of the useful videos. Only, the likes ratio of useful videos was higher than that of the misleading videos.Conclusions: Since there is no peer-review system on YouTube, people can almost release every type of video. It is very important for the content of videos that are released through news channels to be accurate because the important messages can be spread among people in society through them. In our study, especially some Turkish videos included many different rumors and faulty statements. During the extraordinary situations such as the pandemic, the videos of official health authorities and international institutions should be more visible on YouTube.