The utility of first trimester uterine artery Doppler, placental volume and PAPP-A levels alone and in combination to predict preeclampsia
Yıldırım, Gökhan Yetkin
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CitationYücel, B., Gedikbaşı, A., Dündar, Ö., Olgaç, Y., Yıldırım, D., Yıldırım, G. Y. ve Polat, İ. (2016). The utility of first trimester uterine artery Doppler, placental volume and PAPP-A levels alone and in combination to predict preeclampsia. Pregnancy Hypertension-An International Journal Of Womens Cardiovascular Health, 6(4), 269-273. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2016.04.007
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the detection of pre-eclampsia (PE) by integrating uterine artery Doppler, placental volume, and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) levels in the first trimester. We prospectively recruited 602 women that underwent 11-13 weeks' aneuploidy screening. The mean pulsatility index (PI) of the uterine arteries and the placental volume were measured by ultrasonography. Measurement of PAPP-A levels has been performed at the same day' of ultrasonographic examinations. The 90th percentile of uterine artery PI and the 10th percentile of placental volume and PAPP-A levels were used as cut-offs. Uterine artery PI, placental volume, and PAPP-A levels had similar sensitivities in predicting PE (53.66%, 63.41%, and 70.73%, respectively). Use of the parameters in combination had better sensitivity. If one parameter was positive, the sensitivity was 92.68% with 85.20% specificity. If at least two parameters were positive, the sensitivity was 85.37% with 98.89% specificity. In conclusion, the combination of increased PI of uterine artery with low placental volume and low PAPP-A levels in the first trimester achieved better results than either test alone in the prediction of PE.