The effects of inspiratory muscle training on exercise capacity, dyspnea and respiratory functions in lung transplantation candidates: A randomized controlled trial
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CitationPehlivan, E., Mutluay, F., Balcı, A. ve Kılıç, L. (2018). The effects of inspiratory muscle training on exercise capacity, dyspnea and respiratory functions in lung transplantation candidates: A randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 32(10), 1328-1339. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215518777560
Objective: To investigate whether inspiratory muscle training would contribute to the improvement of exercise capacity, dyspnea perception and respiratory functions in lung transplantation candidates. Design: Prospective randomized controlled trial. Setting: Pulmonary Rehabilitation center. Subjects: A total of 34 patients with severe lung disease requiring lung transplantation were randomly allocated to either pulmonary rehabilitation plus inspiratory muscle training group (PR+IMT group, n=17) or pulmonary rehabilitation group (PR group, n=17) before any lung transplantation operation. Methods: All patients underwent supervised pulmonary rehabilitation program on two days per week for three months. The PR+IMT group received inspiratory muscle training in addition to the standard pulmonary rehabilitation program. The 6-minute walk test, maximal inspiratory pressure, modified Medical Research Concile dyspnea scores and spirometric parameters were measured for each patient. Results: The PR+IMT group had statistically significantly increased in walking distance (100 m, P=0.03), maximum inspiratory pressure (26 cmH(2)O, P=0.001) and alveolar volume ratio of carbonmonoxide diffusion capacity (9%, P=0.02) than PR group. Although both groups demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in the dyspnea score, no significant differences were found between the groups (P=0.075). There was no change in spirometric variables in both groups. Conclusion: A greater increase in exercise capacity was observed in the PR+IMT group. Our study showed that inspiratory muscle training improved exercise capacity even further and increased the benefits provided by pulmonary rehabilitation.