Low O6-methylguanine-dna methytransferase (MGMT) and pan-cytokeratin (PAN-CK) expression via immunohistochemistry in pituitary adenomas
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CitationBaşaran, R., Önöz, M., Bölükbaşı, F. H., Efendioğlu, M. ve Sav, A. (2017). Low O6-methylguanine-dna methytransferase (MGMT) and pan-cytokeratin (PAN-CK) expression via immunohistochemistry in pituitary adenomas. Acta Endocrinologica, 13(3), 282-293. https://dx.doi.org/10.4183/aeb.2017.282
Introduction. Pituitary adenomas (PA) are the third most common intracranial tumors, with an incidence rate of 10-15%. More than half are invasive, infiltrating adjacent structures. The primary objective of this project was to determine whether MGMT expression is associated with the invasiveness of PA. Material and Method. All patients who underwent surgical decompression consecutively between 2007- 2012 were included. All data were obtained from the case records. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and then examined via light microscope. Paraffin blocks that lacked necrosis and hemorrhage were chosen for histologic examination. In addition to an immunoprofile battery that consisted of Ki-67 and p53, MGMT, S-100 and Pan-CK were evaluated as well. Results. The subjects included 25 women and 15 men. The mean age was 48.9 ± 14.5 years. Of these, 63% of cases involved the invasion of adjacent structures. Of the PA, 17 (42%) were non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPA). There was a statistically significant relationship between the invasiveness and Ki-67, p53, MGMT expression, and prolactinoma. Gonodotropinomas were mostly non-invasive. FPAs presented invasive features more frequently than NFPAs. Pan-CK was positive in GH-secreting adenomas but negative in FSH- and LH-secreting adenomas. Conclusion. Ki-67 and p53 in lower expression level can be used for evaluating invasiveness but not for recurrence. MGMT expression can be a useful IHC indicator for invasiveness. However, Pan-CK cannot be used for invasiveness or aggressiveness.