IL13 fused pseudomonas exotoxin targets various cancers in vitro
CitationUludağ, D. ve Karakaş, N. (2021). IL13 fused pseudomonas exotoxin targets various cancers in vitro. Anticancer Research, 41(7), 3471-3480. https://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.15134
Background/Aim: Pseudomonas exotoxin (PE) is one of the most widely used toxins in the construction of therapeutic fusion proteins in pre-clinical studies followed by phase trials. In principle, PE acts by blocking protein synthesis through catalyzing the inactivation of elongation factor-2 (EF-2). The interleukin-13 fused PE (IL13-PE) cytotoxin was previously designed to target GBM cells. In this study, the cytotoxic effects of IL13-PE were evaluated in 5 different types of cancers and the therapeutic effects were further analyzed in a lung cancer cell line, NCI-H460. Conceptually, in another lung cancer cell line (A549), ILI 3R alpha 2 was overexpressed by lentiviruses (A549-IL13R alpha 2) and evaluated for cytotoxic efficacy of IL13-PE. Materials and Methods: The expression profile of IL13R alpha 2 in different cancer cell lines was determined by RT-PCR. Secretable toxin fusion was expressed in the toxin resistant HEK-293T cell line (293T-TxR) by using a plasmid coding for IL13-PE and IRESGFP (LV-IL13-PE-IRESIGFP). Next, the cells were shown to produce and secrete functional ILI3-PE by dot blot analysis, followed by cell viability assays and cell death analysis. Results: Upon treatment with IL13-PE, a significant decrease in cell viability was selectively demonstrated in cancer cells with cognate receptor expression. IL13-PE treatment increased the apoptoticlnecrotic cell populations in the NCIH460 cell line. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that IL13-PE can be a therapeutic target for tumors bearing mostly IL13R alpha 2 positive cell populations. Our findings also suggest a cell-based delivery option for the recombinant toxins in the treatment of different cancers which can provide a solution for the clinical use of toxin therapy.