Predictors risk factors for acute complex appendicitis pain in patients: Are there gender differences?
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CitationBarışık, C. C. ve Bener, A. (2020). Predictors risk factors for acute complex appendicitis pain in patients: Are there gender differences? Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 9(6), 2688-2692. https://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_140_20
Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine the predictive risk factors for appendicitis and the cost-effectiveness of using abdominal helical computed tomography (CT) in comparison to abdominal ultrasonography (US) for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in patients.Subjects and methods: The typical case was a patient with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant and suspicion of appendicitis. A total of 643 patients who were consequently treated with appendectomy upon diagnosis of acute appendicitis between January 2015 and December 2018 were included in the study. The four diagnostic alternatives chosen were US, CT, biochemistry parameters, and physical examination in the hospital.Results: There were statistically significant differences between male and female patients with regards to age, BMI, cigarette smoking, sheesha smoking, family history of diabetes, hypertension and family history of gastrointestinal discomfort (GI), anxiety (P < 0.001), red eye (P = 0.006), dizziness (P = 0.021), headache (P < 0.001), muscular symptoms, weakness and cramps (P < 0.001), bloating or swollen stomach (P < 0.001), UTI (P < 0.001), chest pain (P < 0.001), guarding (P < 0.001), loss of appetite (P = 0.004), nausea (P < 0.001) vomiting (P = 0.042), anorexia (P = 0.009), and constipation (P = 0.002). Moreover, there were statistically significant differences between male and female patients for pain (P < 0.001), pain right belly (P = 0.027), severe crumps (P = 0.007), high temperature and fever (P < 0.001), irritable bowel syndrome (P < 0.001), right iliac fossa (RIF) pain (P = 0.008), rebound tenderness (P = 0.024), positive bowel sounds (P = 0.029), and pointing tenderness (P < 0.001). Multivariate stepwise logistic regression showed nausea (P < 0.001), C-reactive protein (CRP) (P < 0.001), dizziness (P = 0.016), vomiting (P < 0.001), muscular symptoms (P = 0.007), irritable bowel syndrome (P = 0.034), guarding (P = 0.040), and loss appetite (P = 0.046) were considered at higher risk as predictors for appendicitis patients.Conclusions: CT is more cost-effective than the US and clinical examination for determining appendicitis. The current study suggested that nausea, C-reactive protein, dizziness, vomiting, muscular symptoms, irritable bowel syndrome, guarding, and loss appetite were considered as higher risk predictors for appendicitis patients.