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dc.contributor.authorGülcan, Mehmet Feryat
dc.contributor.authorKarahan, Billur Deniz
dc.contributor.authorGürmen, Sebahattin
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-04T06:07:19Z
dc.date.available2021-02-04T06:07:19Z
dc.date.issued2020en_US
dc.identifier.citationGülcan, M. F., Karahan, B.D. ve Gürmen, S. (2020). Leaching of iron and chromium from an indigenous ferro chromium alloy via a rotary evaporator: Optimum conditions determination and kinetic analysis. Journal of Materials Research and Technology-JMR&T, 9(6), 14103-14115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.09.133en_US
dc.identifier.issn2238-7854
dc.identifier.issn2214-0697
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.09.133
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12511/6503
dc.description.abstractIn the leaching process of chromium-containing precursor hexavalent chromium may form, which provokes damages to environment and human health. As a solution, leaching the chromium containing precursor with sulphuric acid to get chromium ions into solution without forming hexavalent ions has been proposed. These experiments are mostly carried out at high temperatures to increase the yield, while the detrimental effect of evaporation is still under investigation. In this study, indigenous ferro chromium alloys (>60 wt% Cr) have been leached with sulphuric acid by using a rotary evaporator where no evaporation occurs. The acid molarity, solid:liquid ratio, temperature and rotation rate of the rotary flask have been optimized using Taguchi method to maximize Fe and Cr dissolutions' efficiencies. Leaching in 5 M sulphuric acid solution with 1:50 solid:liquid ratio, at 90 degrees C, 30 rpm for 150 min could sustain yields around 73% and 56% for Cr and Fe recoveries, respectively. Within the scope of this research, the effects of the mentioned parameters on the leaching efficiency have been also analyzed via the ANOVA method. The most effective parameters for Cr and Fe have been found as temperature and solid:liquid ratio, respectively. Finally, the kinetic has been also studied and universal equations have been successfully tested. -ln(1 - x) = k*t(n) gives the best fitting result (where n = 0.4 and 0.6 are calculated for Fe and Cr, respectively). These values indicate that the leaching reaction follows the mixed kinetic control model. The activation energies are calculated as 46.12 kJ/mol for Fe and 142.8 kJ/mol for Cr.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectLeachen_US
dc.subjectFerro Chromium Alloyen_US
dc.subjectRotary Evaporatoren_US
dc.subjectTaguchi Methoden_US
dc.subjectKinetic Studyen_US
dc.titleLeaching of iron and chromium from an indigenous ferro chromium alloy via a rotary evaporator: Optimum conditions determination and kinetic analysisen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.relation.journalJournal of Materials Research and Technology-JMR&Ten_US
dc.departmentİstanbul Medipol Üniversitesi, Mühendislik ve Doğa Bilimleri Fakültesi, İnşaat Mühendisliği Bölümüen_US
dc.departmentİstanbul Medipol Üniversitesi, Rektörlük, Sağlık Bilim ve Teknolojileri Araştırma Enstitüsüen_US
dc.authorid0000-0002-7839-2222en_US
dc.identifier.volume9en_US
dc.identifier.issue6en_US
dc.identifier.startpage14103en_US
dc.identifier.endpage14115en_US
dc.relation.ecinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/TUBITAK/SOBAG/218M768
dc.relation.publicationcategoryMakale - Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanıen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.09.133en_US


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