Evidence that osteogenic and neurogenic differentiation capability of epidural adipose tissue-derived stem cells was more pronounced than in subcutaneous cells
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CitationSolmaz, B., Şahin, A., Keleştemur, T., Kılıç, E. ve Kaptanoğlu, E. (2020). Evidence that osteogenic and neurogenic differentiation capability of epidural adipose tissue-derived stem cells was more pronounced than in subcutaneous cells.Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, 50(8), 1825-1837. https://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-2001-76
Background/aim: The management of dura-related complications, such as the repairment of dural tears and reconstruction of large dural defects, remain the most challenging subjects of neurosurgery. Numerous surgical techniques and synthetic or autologous adjuvant materials have emerged as an adjunct to primary dural closure, which may result in further complications or side effects. Therefore, the subcutaneous autologous free adipose tissue graft has been recommended for the protection of the central nervous system and repairment of the meninges. In addition, human adipose tissue is also a source of multipotent stem cells. However, epidural adipose tissue seems more promising than subcutaneous because of the close location and intercellular communication with the spinal cord. Herein, it was aimed to define differentiation capability of both subcutaneous and epidural adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs). Materials and methods: Human subcutaneous and epidural adipose tissue specimens were harvested from the primary incisional site and the lumbar epidural space during lumbar spinal surgery, and ASCs were isolated. Results: The results indicated that both types of ASCs expressed the cell surface markers, which are commonly expressed stem cells; however, epidural ASCs showed lower expression of CD90 than the subcutaneous ASCs. Moreover, it was demonstrated that the osteogenic and neurogenic differentiation capability of epidural adipose tissue-derived ASCs was more pronounced than that of the subcutaneous ASCs. Conclusion: Consequently, the impact of characterization of epidural ASCs will allow for a new understanding for dural as well as central nervous system healing and recovery after an injury.