Investigating the effects of myofascial induction therapy techniques on pain, function and quality of life in patients with chronic low back pain
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CitationÜnal, M., Evci̇k, E., Kocatürk, M. ve Algun, Z. C. (2020). Investigating the effects of myofascial induction therapy techniques on pain, function and quality of life in patients with chronic low back pain. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 24(4), 188-195. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2020.07.014
Introduction: Low back pain (LBP) is well documented as a common health problem; it is the leading cause of activity limitation and work absence throughout much of the world, and it causes an enormous economic burden on individuals, families, communities, industry, and governments. The aim of this study was to comparatively investigate the effects of myofascial induction therapy (MIT) against pain neuroscience education (PNE) on pain and function in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Method: Forty patients with CLBP were included and randomly divided into two groups according to the treatment program (40 min/session, 2 sessions/week during 8-week), as follows: the MIT and the PNE groups. The outcome measures were the fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaire (FABQ), Roland Morris disability questionnaire, McGill pain questionnaire, finger floor test, SF-36 quality-of-life questionnaire, and thoracolumbar fascia ultrasound imaging results. Patients were evaluated before and after treatment. Results: Within both groups, all outcome scores showed a significant improvement (p < 0.05). After 8-week, SF-36 physical function, physical role and mental health scores significantly improved in MIT group compared with PNE group, finger floor test score significantly decreased in MIT group compared with PNE group, and FABQ score significantly decreased in PNE group compared with MIT group (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Although both MIT and PNE were found to be effective on pain and function in patients with CLBP, MIT techniques were substantially better in improving the mobility of trunk flexion and quality of life in these patients.