Abnormalities in auditory and visual cognitive processes are differentiated with theta responses in patients with Parkinson's disease with and without dementia
Helvacı Yılmaz, Nesrin
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KünyeGüntekin, B., Aktürk, T., Yıldırım, E., Helvacı Yılmaz, N., Hanoğlu, L. ve Yener, G. (2020). Abnormalities in auditory and visual cognitive processes are differentiated with theta responses in patients with Parkinson's disease with and without dementia. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 153, 65-79. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2020.04.016
The research on the abnormalities of event-related oscillations in Parkinson's disease (PD) was mostly studied with cognitively normal patients. The present study aims to show the adverse effects of cognitive decline in PD patients via the EEG-Brain Oscillations approach by comparing the electrophysiological responses in two modalities, i.e. auditory, and visual in which PD group show deficit. We conducted a study in which we analyzed event-related theta power and phase-locking during auditory and visual oddball paradigm. Cognitively normal PD (PDCN) patients (N = 15), PD with mild cognitive impairment (PDMCI) patients (N = 22), PD dementia (PDD) patients (N = 11) and healthy controls (HC) (N = 17) were included in the study. Neuropsychological assessments were applied to all participants. There was a gradual decrease in scores of neuropsychological tests (HC, PDCN, PDMCI, PDD, respectively). Most of the neuropsychological test scores of the participants were highly correlated with the theta power and theta phase locking values, especially over frontal-central areas. HC had higher theta phase-locking and power in comparison to PDMCI and PDD. The differentiation between HC and PDCN was specific to frontal-central areas. Theta power and theta phase-locking were decreased overall locations in PDMCI and PDD both during visual and auditory oddball paradigms compared with PDCN. The results indicate that theta responses in PD patients decreased gradually as the cognitive decline increased. We can conclude that complex abnormalities in their neurotransmitter and neuronal signal systems that occur with the progression of the disease could be responsible for these results.