The analysis of text categorization represented with word embeddings using homogeneous classifiers
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CitationKilimci, Z. H. ve Akyokuş, S. (2019). The analysis of text categorization represented with word embeddings using homogeneous classifiers. Koprinkova-Hristova P., Yıldırım T., Piuri V., Iliadis L. ve Camacho D. (Ed.), 2019 IEEE International Symposium on INnovations in Intelligent SysTems and Applications (INISTA). Sofia, Bulgaria, 3-5 July 2019. http://doi.org/10.1109/INISTA.2019.8778329
Text data mining is the process of extracting and analyzing valuable information from text. A text data mining process generally consists of lexical and syntax analysis of input text data, the removal of non-informative linguistic features and the representation of text data in appropriate formats, and eventually analysis and interpretation of the output. Text categorization, text clustering, sentiment analysis, and document summarization are some of the important applications of text mining. In this study, we analyze and compare the performance of text categorization by using different single classifiers, an ensemble of classifiers, a neural probabilistic representation model called word2vec on English texts. The neural probabilistic based model namely, word2vec, enables the representation of terms of a text in a new and smaller space with word embedding vectors instead of using original terms. After the representation of text data in new feature space, the training procedure is carried out with the well-known classification algorithms, namely multivariate Bernoulli naïve Bayes, support vector machines and decision trees and an ensemble algorithm such as bagging, random subspace and random forest. A wide range of comparative experiments are conducted on English texts to analyze the effectiveness of word embeddings on text classification. The evaluation of experimental results demonstrates that an ensemble of algorithms models with word embeddings performs better than other classification algorithms that uses traditional methods on English texts.