Variations of the digastric muscle and accessory bellies - a study of gross anatomic dissections
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CitationOrtuğ, G., Sipahi, B., Ortuğ, A. ve İpsalalı, H. O. (2020). Variations of the digastric muscle and accessory bellies - a study of gross anatomic dissections. Morphologie, 104(345), 125-132. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.morpho.2019.09.189
Objective: Variations of the bellies of the digastric muscle is reported for a long time and is not uncommon. However, there is still not a full consensus about the classifications and many different types of variations. The aim of this study was to examine the variations of the digastric muscle on cadaver dissections and to create a pictorial collection of variations related to present-day by combining with existing knowledge. Method: In the present study, a total of 40 formalin-fixed cadavers and head specimens’ digastric muscles were analyzed bilaterally. Results: Previous results were utilized for classification of the variations. Anterior belly, intermediate tendon, and posterior belly variations were evaluated according to unilateral, bilateral and unclassified types. 10 variations were identified in the digastric muscle of 40 cadavers. Thus, five of the variations were unilateral and rest of them were bilateral. Two of the variations were residing in the central area. One accessory muscle bundle was found obliquely residing between the left and right sides of the anterior bellies. Remaining variation was the crossing of the accessory anterior belly of digastric muscle fibers at the central line. Intermediate tendon variation as piercing the stylohyoid muscle was observed in only one case. Posterior belly exhibited no variation. Conclusion: Reporting the abnormalities and variations of the digastric muscle is very important in surgical attempts and evaluation of the lymphadenopathy of the submental area and in the floor of the mouth tumors, numerous clinically significant esthetic surgeries for head and neck surgeons, radiologists and plastic surgeons.