Bio-inspired filter banks for frequency recognition of SSVEP-based brain-computer interfaces
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CitationDemir, A. F., Arslan H. ve Uysal, İ. (2019). Bio-inspired filter banks for frequency recognition of SSVEP-based brain-computer interfaces. IEEE Access, 7, 160295-160303. http://doi.org/0.1109/ACCESS.2019.2951327
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) and their associated technologies have the potential to shape future forms of communication, control, and security. Specifically, the steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) based BCIs have the advantages of better recognition accuracy, and higher information transfer rate (ITR) compared to other BCI modalities. To fully exploit the capabilities of such devices, it is necessary to understand the underlying biological features of SSVEPs and design the system considering their inherent characteristics. This paper introduces bio-inspired filter banks (BIFBs) for improved SSVEP frequency recognition. SSVEPs are frequency selective, subject-specific, and their power gets weaker as the frequency of the visual stimuli increases. Therefore, the gain and bandwidth of the filters are designed and tuned based on these characteristics while also incorporating harmonic SSVEP responses. The BIFBs are utilized in the feature extraction stage to increase the separability of classes. This method not only improves the recognition accuracy but also increases the total number of available commands in a BCI system by allowing the use of stimuli frequencies that elicit weak SSVEP responses. The BIFBs are promising particularly in the high-frequency band, which causes less visual fatigue. Hence, the proposed approach might enhance user comfort as well. The BIFB method is tested on two online benchmark datasets and outperforms the compared methods. The results show the potential of bio-inspired design, and the findings will be extended by including further SSVEP characteristics for future SSVEP based BCIs.