Assessment of relationship between serum vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) and gestational diabetes mellitus
AuthorDinçgez Çakmak, Burcu
Ketenci Gençer, Fatma
Yıldız, Durkadın Elif
Aydın Boyama, Burcu
MetadataShow full item record
CitationDinçgez Çakmak, B., Dündar, B., Ketenci Gencer, F., Yıldız, D. E., Bayram, F. Özgen, G. ve Aydın Boyama, B. (2019). Assessment of relationship between serum vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) and gestational diabetes mellitus. Biomarkers, 24(8), 750-756. https://doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2019.1684562
Purpose: VAP-1 plays a crucial role in inflammation, oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction which are main pathophysiologic mechanisms for gestational diabetes. We aimed to determine serum VAP-1 levels, assess its diagnostic value and correlation with clinical parameters in gestational diabetes. Methods: A total of 60 pregnant women with gestational diabetes and 75 healthy pregnant women between 24-28th gestational weeks between January-June 2017 were included. Pregnant women were screened for gestational diabetes by two-step protocol. Demographic, clinical and laboratory parameters of patients were recorded. VAP-1 was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Results: Gestational diabetes group had higher fasting and postprandial glucose, HbA1c, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio, plateletcrit and C-reactive protein. Furthermore, VAP-1 levels were higher in gestational diabetes (3.35 +/- 1.52 vs 2.2 +/- 0.74; p < 0.001). VAP-1 levels >2.315 could predict gestational diabetes with a sensitivity of 70% and specificity of 65.3%. VAP-1 was correlated with clinical follow-up parameters such as fasting glucose (r = 0.473, p < 0.001), postprandial glucose (r = 0.416, p < 0.001), HbA1c (r = 0.462, p < 0.001) and inflammatory biomarkers such as platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio (r = 0.254, p = 0.04), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio (r = 0.375, p = 0.003) and C-reactive protein (r = 0.306, p = 0.017). Conclusions: Elevated VAP-1 levels in gestational diabetes correlated with clinical follow-up and inflammatory markers may suggest the pathogenetic role of VAP-1 in gestational diabetes. Hence, we think that VAP-1 could be a promising marker for the prediction of gestational diabetes.