Measuring international migration in Azerbaijan
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CitationYüksel, S., Mukhtarov, S., Mahmudlu, C., Mikayilov, J. I. ve Iskandarov, A. (2018). Measuring international migration in Azerbaijan. Sustainability, 10(1). https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su10010132
International migration significantly affects economic, social, cultural, and political factors of the country. Owing to this situation, it can be said that the reasons of international migration should be analyzed in order to control this problem. The purpose of this study is to determine the influencing factors of international migration in Azerbaijan. In this scope, annual data of 11 explanatory variables for the period of 1995-2015 was analyzed via Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) method. According to the results of this analysis, it was identified that people prefer to move other countries in case of high unemployment rates. In addition, the results of the study show that population growth and high mortality rate increases the migration level. While considering these results, it was recommended that Azerbaijan should focus on these aspects to control international migration problem.