Retention during capsule endoscopy: Is it a real problem in routine practice?
AuthorÖrmeci Çifçibaşı, Aslı
Soyer Mutluay, Özlem
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CitationÖrmeci Çifçibaşı, A., Akyüz, F., Baran, B., Göktürk, S., Örmeci, T., Pınarbaşı, B. ... Beşışık, F. (2016). Retention during capsule endoscopy: Is it a real problem in routine practice? Journal Of International Medical Research, 44(4), 968-975. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060516645420
Objective This study evaluated the risks and outcomes of capsule retention during capsule endoscopy (CE) for investigating small bowel disease. Capsule retention is the most serious complication of CE. Methods Before CE, the gastrointestinal tract was evaluated for blockages with computerized tomography. Analysis of CE was made retrospectively. Results Capsule endoscopy was used to investigate obscure bleeding (90.2%; n=324) or other symptoms (9.8%; n=35). The capsule retention rate was 11/359 (3.1%); it was retained in a malignant lesion area (adenocarcinoma or melanoma) in two patients (18.2%), in the small bowel in an ulcerated area in five patients (45.5%), and in the oesophagus/stomach in four patients (36.4%) due to dysmotility. None of the patients had symptoms of obstruction. Conclusions Scanning patients before CE did not predict capsule retention. Retention is a complication of CE, but occurs as a result of the underlying disease. The risk of retention is increased in patients with motility disorders, suspected small bowel ulcers or malignancies.