EComment. Efforts to further enhance the safety of sternal re-opening in the paediatric age group
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KünyeÖzyüksel, A., Cantürk, E., Akçevin, A. ve Türkoğlu, H. (2013). EComment. Efforts to further enhance the safety of sternal re-opening in the paediatric age group. Interactive Cardiovascular And Thoracic Surgery, 17(1), 218-218. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivt188
We thank Gandolfo et al. for their effective and easy reproducible technique for managing major vessel injuries during chest re-entry in children . As diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in congenital heart diseases advance progressively, cardiac surgeons have begun to deal with chest re-opening more frequently. Although major venous damages like innominate vein can be managed by a Fogarty catheter, cardiac surgeons are still facing challenging problems, such as damage of cardiac chambers, retrosternal right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduits and ascending aortic aneurysms during the re-sternotomy procedures performed in children. In such cases, we believe that the inflation of Fogarty catheters may even enlarge the defect and make it more uncontrollable in an incomplete sternotomy. In our practice, patients with a sternotomy history are carefully evaluated before the operation. Although the best option in imaging work-up is computed tomography, its routine usage is avoided so as not to increase the exposure of ionizing radiation in the paediatric age group. In most of the patients with redo cardiac surgery, magnetic resonance angiography or lateral projection of cardiac cineangiography studies demonstrate the potential adhesions of the anatomic structures to the posterior part of the sternum. At the operation, we regularly mark the femoral vessels with Doppler ultrasonography and prepare a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) set-up before initiating the incision.