The sleep quality of nurses and its influencing factors
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CitationTarhan, M., Aydın, A., Ersoy, E. ve Dalar, L. (2018). The sleep quality of nurses and its influencing factors. Eurasian Journal of Pulmonology, 20(2), 78-84. https://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ejop.ejop_35_18
BACKGROUND: It is a known fact that nurses who are obliged to maintain the continuity of quality and safety patient care have a serious risk of sleeping problems. From this point of view, the study was conducted to determine the sleep quality of nurses and its influencing factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-cross-sectional study was carried out on 152 nurses working at a training and research hospital in Istanbul. A questionnaire form including Individual Characteristics Form, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) was used to collect data. Descriptive tests, Chi-square test, Spearman's correlation analysis, and binary logistic regression analysis were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: It was determined that 61.9% of nurses had poor sleep quality. While a weak positive correlation was found between PSQI, ESS, and HAD-D, a moderate correlation was determined between PSQI, FSS, and HAD-A. Age, working shifts, anxiety, and fatigue levels were found to be factors influencing sleep quality. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study show that sleep quality of nurses is low in approximately two-thirds of them, and factors such as older age, night shift work, and high anxiety and fatigue levels have a negative effect on sleep quality. It is thought that the regulation of working life considering age, professional experience, and mental health status may be effective in order to increase the sleep quality of nurses.