Microsurgical fenestration and cystoperitoneal shunt through preauricular subtemporal keyhole craniotomy for the treatment of symptomatic middle fossa arachnoid cysts in children
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KünyeSılav, G., Sarı, R., Bölükbaşı, F. H., Altaş, M., Işık, N. ve Elmacı, İ. (2015). Microsurgical fenestration and cystoperitoneal shunt through preauricular subtemporal keyhole craniotomy for the treatment of symptomatic middle fossa arachnoid cysts in children. Child's Nervous System, 31(1), 87-93. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-014-2530-4
The optimal surgical treatment for symptomatic middle fossa arachnoid cyst is still controversial. The most leading therapeutic options include cyst shunting and fenestration (endoscopic, microsurgical). We present our experience on surgical treatments of arachnoid cysts. A retrospective data review of 16 children who underwent keyhole craniotomy for microsurgical fenestration and shunting of middle fossa arachnoid cysts between 1999 and 2012 was performed after institutional review board approval. The average patient age was 6.1 years. The average follow-up period was 36.5 months. There were ten male and six female patients in the series. Indications for surgery included intractable headaches (50 %), increasing in cyst size (18.75 %), and seizures (31.25 %). All patient records were reviewed for their clinical presentation, classification, cyst resolution, symptom resolution, and cyst outcomes. After surgery, all patients underwent assessments of clinical and radiological improvement. Postoperative complications were observed in two cases: progressively resolving monoparesia in one case and resolving epileptic seizure with monotherapy in the other. All patients had a satisfactory clinical outcome, and in 87.5 %, there was either a decrease in the size or a complete disappearance of the MFAC. Nevertheless, three (18.75 %) of all patients needed shunt revision because of shunt dysfunction. Complication related to surgical technique was cerebrospinal fluid leak which spontaneously resolved in one patient. Microsurgical fenestration with keyhole craniotomy to provide passage between cysts to basal cisterns together with cystoperitoneal shunting during the same operation is still an effective and safe method in cases with symptomatic middle fossa arachnoid cysts in children.