Simultaneous chronic invasive fungal infection and tracheal fungus ball mimicking cancer in an immunocompetent patient
Dinçer, Hüseyin Erhan
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CitationÇetinkaya, E., Çörtük, M., Gül, Ş., Mert, A., Boyacı, H., Cam, E. ... Dinçer, H. E. (2016). Simultaneous chronic invasive fungal infection and tracheal fungus ball mimicking cancer in an immunocompetent patient. Case Reports in Medicine. https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2416452
Fungal infections of the lung are uncommon and mainly affect people with immune deficiency. There are crucial problems in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and candidiasis are the most common opportunistic fungal infections. Aspergillus species (spp.) are saprophytes molds that exist in nature as spores and rarely cause disease in immunocompetent individuals. In patients with immune deficiency or chronic lung disease, such as cavitary lung disease or bronchiectasis, Aspergillus may cause a variety of aspergillosis infections. Here we present a case of a 57-year-old patient without immunodeficiency or chronic lung disease who was diagnosed with endotracheal fungus ball and chronic fungal infection, possibly due to Aspergillus. Bronchoscopic examination showed a paralyzed right vocal cord and vegetating mass that was yellow in color, at the posterior wall of tracheal lumen. After 3 months, both the parenchymal and tracheal lesions were completely resolved.