Electroanatomic mapping-guided catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardia in children with ebstein's anomaly
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CitationErgül, Y., Koca, S., Akdeniz, C. ve Tuzcu, V. (2018). Electroanatomic mapping-guided catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardia in children with ebstein's anomaly. Pediatric Cardiology, 39(7), 1445-1452. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-018-1915-7
In Ebstein's anomaly (EA), tachycardia substrates are complex, and accessory pathway (AP) ablations are often challenging. This study demonstrates the utility of the EnSite Velocity system (St. Jude Medical, St Paul, MN) in the catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardia in children with EA. Twenty patients [Female/Male=8/12, median age 11.5years (2.6-18)] with EA who underwent catheter ablation guided by the EnSite Velocity system between December 2011 and December 2016 were retrospectively evaluated. Five patients had severe EA, and two of them were at Fontan palliation pathway. The most common indications for ablations were palpitations/syncope and treatment-resistant arrhythmias. Thirty-one tachycardia substrate foci (21 manifest AP, 2 concealed AP, 4 Mahaim AP, 3 focal atrial tachycardias, and 1 typical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia) were detected in 20 patients. There were multiple tachycardia substrates in 11 patients (55%). The patient-based acute procedure success rate was 19/20 (95%), and the tachycardia-based success rate was 30/31 (97%). The mean procedure time was 170 +/- 43min (90-265). Fluoroscopy was not used in 15 (75%) patients. The mean fluoroscopy time in the remaining five patients was 3.6 +/- 2.9min (0.7-7.8). During a mean follow-up of 35.1 +/- 20.3months (6-60), tachycardia recurred in four patients (4/19, 21%). No complications were seen. Catheter ablation of arrhythmias can be performed effectively and safely in pediatric EA patients by using a limited fluoroscopic approach with the help of electroanatomical mapping systems. However, the rate of tachycardia recurrence at follow-up remains high.