Conversion surgery for failed adjustable gastric banding: Outcomes with sleeve gastrectomy vs roux-en-y gastric bypass
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CitationAvşar, F. M., Sapmaz, A., Uluer, A. ve Erdem, N. Z. (2018). Conversion surgery for failed adjustable gastric banding: Outcomes with sleeve gastrectomy vs roux-en-y gastric bypass. Obesity Surgery, 28(11), 3573-3579. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-018-3397-3
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) was once a preferred method of obesity treatment featuring a straightforward technique, removability, and good early results. In a significant proportion of patients, however, it was not a durable weight-loss procedure and has been associated with a high longer-term complication rate. The purpose of this study was to directly compare the results of conversion to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) after failed LAGB. Post-LAGB complications and weight outcomes of conversion (absolute weight, excess weight loss [%EWL], total weight loss [%TWL]) to LSG vs LRYGB were retrospectively reviewed and statistically compared using Fisher's exact test and the independent samples t test. Over a 6-year period, 74/272 (27.2%) morbidly obese LAGB patients experienced marked complications requiring band removal. Forty-nine of these patients underwent conversion by LRYGB (n = 29) or LSG (n = 20). There was no statistically significant difference in complication rates between converted procedures and no significant difference in respective EWL and TWL (6-month EWL: LRYGB, 53.6% vs LSG, 51.3% and respective TWL, 22.8 vs 21.3%; 12-month EWL, 70.1 vs 56.1%; and TWL, 30.7 vs 23.2%; p > 0.05). All conversion patients were present at each time point. Outcomes for LSG vs LRYGB following failed LAGB were equally safe and effective.