Greater palatine foramen: Assessment with palatal index, shape, number and gender
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CitationOrtuğ, A. ve Üzel, M. (2019). Greater palatine foramen: Assessment with palatal index, shape, number and gender. Folia Morphologica, 78(2), 371-377. https://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2018.0088
Background: Accurate knowledge of location and relation with different parameters of the greater palatine foramen (GPF) is a crucial necessity in performing a variety of anaesthesiological, dental and surgical procedures. The main aim of this study was to identify the GPF's locations, numbers and shapes via associating with gender and palatal indices and compare with literature results. Materials and methods: This study was held on the cranium collections of the many anatomy departments in Turkey. Various metric assessments were observed on sexed, dry, total of 97 craniums. Results: Thirty-eight male cranium observed and mean values of palatal indices was 86.28 +/- 10.75 and for 48 female craniums mean value for palatal indices was 81.06 +/- 10.56. Location of GPF observed bilaterally and mostly found near the third upper molar in either of both males and females. It was 62.7% (right), 60.9% (left) for male craniums and 49.0% (right) and 47.1% (left) for female craniums observed near the lateral border of upper third molar. GPF found oval shape for male craniums 62.8% (right) and 61.0% (left) and for female craniums 66.0% (right) and 66.0% (left). Conclusions: These results were compared with already existing anatomical data in other races and populations. These results would have great clinical influence in localising the palatine foramina toward better palatal area surgical approaches to and anaesthetise this area.