Ultrasound-guided single-shot preemptive erector spinae plane block for postoperative pain management
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CitationÇiftçi, B., Ekinci, M. ve Demiraran, Y. (2019). Ultrasound-guided single-shot preemptive erector spinae plane block for postoperative pain management. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, 33(4), 1175-1176. https://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2018.10.040
Thoracotomy is a procedure that causes severe pain as a result of muscle incision, retraction of the ribs, and damage to the intercostal nerves. Postoperative analgesia management is very important for respiratory functions, and successful pain management reduces postoperative complications and length of hospital stay.1 A variety of procedures have been described for the first-step treatment of thoracic analgesia, including intercostal nerve blocks, thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA), and thoracic paravertebral blocks.2 However, their usage is limited because of complications and failure rates (up to 15% in TEA).3 The other option for analgesia is intravenous opioid medications that can be used in combination with nonsterioidal anti-inflammatory drugs.4 Adverse effects such as sedation, hypoventilation, nausea, and vomiting can occur, especially in systemic high opioid doses used for severe pain such as after thoracotomy.