FDD massive MIMO downlink channel estimation via selective sparse coding over AOA/AOD cluster dictionaries
MetadataShow full item record
CitationNazzal, M., Furqan, H. ve Arslan, H. (2018). FDD massive MIMO downlink channel estimation via selective sparse coding over AOA/AOD cluster dictionaries. 29th IEEE Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC). Bologna, Italy, September 09-12, 2018. https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PIMRC.2018.8580685
Sparse coding over a redundant dictionary has recently been used as a framework for downlink channel estimation in frequency division duplex massive multiple-input multiple-output antenna systems. This usage allows for efficiently reducing the inherently high training and feedback overheads. We present an algorithm for downlink channel estimation via selective sparse coding over multiple cluster dictionaries. A channel training set is divided into clusters based on the angle of the arrival/departure of the majority physical subpaths corresponding to each channel tap. Then, a compact dictionary is trained in each cluster. Channel estimation is done by first identifying the channel cluster and then using its dictionary for reconstruction. This selective sparse coding allows for adaptive regularization via sparse model selection, thereby offering additional regularization to the ill-posed channel estimation problem. We empirically validate the selectivity of the cluster dictionaries. Simulation results show the advantage of the proposed algorithm in achieving better estimation quality at lower computational cost, as compared the case of using standard sparse coding.