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dc.contributor.authorBakırhan, Hande
dc.contributor.authorÖzyürek Arpa, Fatmanur
dc.contributor.authorUğur, Halime
dc.contributor.authorPehlivan, Merve
dc.contributor.authorSaleki, Neda
dc.contributor.authorÇelik, Tuğba
dc.date.accessioned2023-09-19T13:24:45Z
dc.date.available2023-09-19T13:24:45Z
dc.date.issued2023en_US
dc.identifier.citationBakırhan, H., Özyürek Arpa, F., Uğur, H., Pehlivan, M., Saleki, N. ve Çelik, T. (2023). Metabolic risks and prognosis of COVID-19: Are dietary patterns important? Nutrition and Food Science, 53(4), 752-768. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-10-2022-0360en_US
dc.identifier.issn0034-6659
dc.identifier.issn1758-6917
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-10-2022-0360
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12511/11460
dc.description.abstractPurposeThis study aims to identify the dietary patterns of two groups of subjects (with and without COVID-19), and to assess the relationship of findings with the prognosis of COVID-19 and metabolic risk parameters. Design/methodology/approachThis study included 100 individuals in the age range of 19-65 years. The medical history, and data on biochemical, hematological and inflammatory indicators were retrieved from the files. A questionnaire for the 24-h food record and the food intake frequency was administered in face-to-face interviews, and dietary patterns of subjects were assessed. FindingsIn individuals with COVID-19, the hip circumference, the waist-hip ratio and the body fat percentage were significantly higher (p < 0.05), and the muscle mass percentage was significantly lower (p < 0.05). Mediterranean diet adherence screener (MEDAS), dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) and healthy eating index-2015 (HEI-2015) scores were low in the two groups. A linear correlation of DASH scores was found with the muscle mass percentage (p = 0.046) and a significant inverse correlation of with the body fat percentage (p = 0.006). HEI-2015 scores were significantly and negatively correlated with body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference and neck circumference (p < 0.05). Every one-unit increase in MEDAS, DASH and HEI-2015 scores caused reductions in C-reactive protein levels at different magnitudes. Troponin-I was significantly and negatively correlated with fruit intake (p = 0.044), a component of a Mediterranean diet and with HEI-2015 total scores (p = 0.032). Research limitations/implicationsThe limitation of this study includes the small sample size and the lack of dietary interventions. Another limitation is the use of the food recall method for the assessment of dietary patterns. This way assessments were performed based on participants' memory and statements. Practical implicationsFollowing a healthy diet pattern can help reduce the metabolic risks of COVID-19 disease. Originality/valueDespite these limitations, this study is valuable because, to the best of the authors' knowledge, it is the first study demonstrating the association of dietary patterns with disease prognosis and metabolic risks concerning COVID-19. This study suggests that dietary patterns during the COVID-19 process may be associated with several metabolic risks and inflammatory biomarkers.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherEmerald Publishingen_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccessen_US
dc.subjectCOVID-19en_US
dc.subjectMediterranean Dieten_US
dc.subjectDietary Approaches to Stop Hypertensionen_US
dc.subjectDiet Qualityen_US
dc.subjectCRPen_US
dc.subjectTroponin Ien_US
dc.titleMetabolic risks and prognosis of COVID-19: Are dietary patterns important?en_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.relation.ispartofNutrition and Food Scienceen_US
dc.departmentİstanbul Medipol Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Ana Bilim Dalıen_US
dc.departmentİstanbul Medipol Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümüen_US
dc.authorid0000-0001-9377-888Xen_US
dc.authorid0000-0002-3157-8257en_US
dc.authorid0000-0003-1141-5730en_US
dc.identifier.volume53en_US
dc.identifier.issue4en_US
dc.identifier.startpage752en_US
dc.identifier.endpage768en_US
dc.relation.publicationcategoryMakale - Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanıen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1108/NFS-10-2022-0360en_US
dc.institutionauthorBakırhan, Hande
dc.institutionauthorÖzyürek Arpa, Fatmanur
dc.institutionauthorPehlivan, Merve
dc.institutionauthorSaleki, Neda
dc.identifier.wos000903608100001en_US
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85145238197en_US
dc.identifier.pmid35239214en_US
dc.identifier.scopusqualityQ3en_US


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